For Educators

Chocolate Lava
5.0/5 rating 1 vote

Materials Needed

Chocolate fudge mix and ingredients listed on box; saucepan; 2 baking dishes; an adult as needed


1. Have an adult help in the kitchen with the stove. Make the fudge mix as written on the package. As the fudge begins to boil, pour half of it into a baking dish.

2. Begin to stir the other half of the fudge mix for ten minutes as it begins to cool down. Pour this fudge that is cooled into the second baking dish.


Now, explore! Observe the consistency of the mixtures... how it moves as you pour, what it looks like as you move the pan around as you pour, and what happens the surface of the baking pans. Now imagine Hawaii being covered with this mixture of "lava."

What's Going On

Two types of lava flow from volcanoes, they are named from the Hawaiian language. The fudge that was put in the first pan, as it was hot, flowed smoothly and formed a flat surface. This is similar to the texture of pahoehoe lava. Pahoehoe (pronounced pa-hoy-hoy) lava can form lava tubes and an undersea formation called pillow lava. The other fudge that was cooled formed lumps and makes a lumpy surface in the pan. This has an appearance like aa lava. Aa (pronounced Ah-Ah) lava produces sharp and twisted rocks that are difficult to walk on.

Ohio Content Standards

Earth & Space Sciences: 3.1, 3.2
OSIC Codes: Y2002.CSC.S01.G03-05.BB.L03.I01; Y2002.CSC.S01.G03-05.BB.L03.I02

  • Added: November 29, 2011
  • Hits: 10632

Top Classroom Activities

  • Buoyant Bubble

    A sphere is a very special shape in nature. Liquids form into spheres due to internal forces. Investigate density and shape.
    Buoyant Bubble
  • Cabbage Patch Chemistry

    An indicator is a substance that can be used to determine pH of a substance. Make your own indicator using red cabbage leaves and test household items.
    Cabbage Patch Chemistry
  • What's the Buzz?

    Can a rubber band sound like a bee? How does changing the speed of a vibrating object affect the sound of the vibration?
    What's the Buzz?
  • Hover Cup

    Can you make a hovercraft from a paper cup? Explore how air flow can minimize friction and cause an object to move.
    Hover Cup
  • Catapult

    Catapults are great for demonstrating transfer of energy. Tension in the catapult will cause an object to travel very far.
  • Sidewalk Chalk

    Chalk is used in many applications and industries... more familiarly in the classroom. Make your own chalk and learn the science behind this incredible product.
    Sidewalk Chalk
  • Rock Candy

    Create a crystal pattern around a string that is also a tasty treat!

    Rock Candy